Whole Grains, Flours, and Legumes
Below is a list of resources to purchase retail or mail order flour and whole grains and learn more about their use, desirability, and availability. Emphasis is on stone ground milling, identity-preserved heritage grains, and regional modern grains. Organic, drylands, and rotational growing practices are often used for ecosystems management, maximum nutritional density, and flour flavor. Keep scrolling for ethically sourced and sustainably harvested spices as well as article links giving context to modern and heirloom grains.
The following abbreviated list is continuously expanding with awareness and the growing support for organic flour milled with integrity. Check with your local food cooperative or green market for the best sources in your area.
Photo by Ngoc Minh Ngo
United States in alphabetical order of state:
To Your Health Sprouted Flour Co., Fitzpatrick, Alabama
Organic sprouted whole grains, legumes, flours, and other products for baking including many gluten-free options.
Barrio Bread, Tucson, Arizona
Regionally grown grains, flours, and flour blends with a focus on heritage and/or water-wise selections suitable to the desert climate.
Hayden Flour Mills Phoenix, Arizona
A family business devoted to making the freshest and most flavorful flours from some of the world's oldest varieties of wheat, corn, farro, durum, and chickpeas grown by small Arizona farmers.
Ramona Farms, Sacatan, Arizona
Traditions and foods of the Akimel O'Odham (Gila River peoples) and Tohono O'Odham (Desert peoples) including heritage corn, heirloom durum, Sonoran, and Pima club wheats, and delicious tepary beans.
Alma Semillera, San Francisco, California
Excellent online resource for ingredients dedicated to the preservation and revitalization of Mesoamerican foodways. A focus on precolonial and heirloom grain, corn, beans, and masa harina.
Bread and Flours, Coachella Valley, California
Freshly milled, stone ground flours and sourdough breads produced in a small, certified home production kitchen. Available for delivery or pick-up.
Capay Mills, Rumsey, California
David Kaisel, founders, farmer, and miller, is bringing back the forgotten qualities and nutritional advantages of freshly milled flour in Northern California.
Central Milling, Logan, Richmond, and Collinston, Utah; and Petaluma, California
Employee-owned-and-operated mill working with farmers to grow sustainable grains with exceptional flavor, nutrient content, color, and tested baking performance.
Community Grains, Oakland, California
Whole-grain products grown with integrity and whole-milled to preserve the essential nutrients and robust flavors lost to industrial milling.
Grist and Toll, Los Angeles, California
LA's first urban flour mill in more than 100 years dedicated to stone grinding wheat, corn, barley, and alternative grains such as teff, buckwheat, and oats.
Early Bird Farm and Mill, Nevada City, California
An organic farm using regenerative practices and a stone flour mill facility milling Northern California grown organic grains with many heirloom varieties of corn and wheat available.
Honoré Farm and Mill, Marin County, California
Grows and sources dry-farmed heirloom wheat varietals such as Sonora, Red Fife, and Turkey Red without the use of pesticides. Stone-milled flour is sold as a nonprofit business model dedicated to the education and service of the Honoré community.
Kandarian Organic Farms, Los Osos, California
Heritage flours, whole grains (including Khorasan, spelt, and nude oats), seeds, and legumes.
Heirloom whole maize kernels, nixtamalized masa, DIY nixtamalization kits, maize stone grinding mills, and traditional Mexican cookware and tortilla presses.
New York Bakers, San Diego, California
Founded by Stanley Ginsberg, an incredible resource of specialty rye blends among other products for bakers.
The Mill, San Francisco, California
A bakery and mill dedicated to naturally leavened, whole-grain deliciousness.
Roan Mills Farm and Mill, Sun Valley, California
Stone milled, identity-preserved heritage wheat available for sale at their bakery or farmer's markets in the Los Angeles area.
Dry Storage, Boulder, Colorado
Heirloom grains and freshly milled stoneground flours.
Golden Prairie Millet Farm, Nunn, Colorado
Organic millet farmed on the plains of eastern Colorado.
Grains from the Plains, Lincoln County, Colorado
Wheat, millet, and peas raised by a 4th generation husband and wife team and their family using non-certified but organic and sustainable drylands practices. Unique, landrace varieties well adapted to Colorado plains growing without the use of pesticides, fertilizers, or herbicides.
Feed + Seed (Moxie Bread Company), Boulder, Colorado
A non-profit, wholesale stone ground flour mill dedicated to providing affordable, high-quality flour with an emphasis on regionally-sourced, heirloom, and organic grains.
Tocabe Indigenous Marketplace
Connecting local food systems to bring access to regional, place-based specialties such as O'Odham farmed Sonora wheat berries, heirloom tepary beans, Ute mountain blue cornmeal, Red Lake Nation cultivated wild rice, and elderberry vinegar.
Kneads Bakery, Mill, and Cafe, Westport, Connecticut
Organic, stone milled retail flour and baked goods from this family-run cafe.
Dayspring Farms, Danielsville, Georgia
Organic corn and wheat grown, cleaned, and milled on site by the Brett family with the goal of offering the most sustainably produced and highest quality product possible.
The Mill at Janie's Farm, Ashkum, Illinois
Certified organic, whole kernel (stone-milled) flours and grains for home bakers and wholesale. An extension of Janie's Farm, growing organic grains for over 15 years.
Early Morning Harvest, Panora, Iowa
Certified organic stoneground flour and aquaponic produce located in Central Iowa.
Louismill, Louisville, Kentucky
Stone-ground organic wheat and rice flours and grits supporting local farmers through personal relationships and dedicated partnerships.
Maine Grains, Skowhegan, Maine
A gristmill featuring traditional stone milling operating from a repurposed historic county jail house in Central Maine. Locally sourced, organic, and heritage grains.
The Buckwheat Project, Fort Kent, Maine
Mills tartary buckwheat flour for preparation of a crepe called "Ployes," a recipe based on one created by French Acadian exiles who settled in Northern Maine.
Migrash Farm, Randallstown, Maryland
Small-batch, stone-milled flours grown locally and organically in the Chesapeake Bay region on family farms.
Elmendorf Baking Supplies, Cambridge, Massachusetts
A retail and community space for bakers offering baking equipment, specialty and everyday ingredients, and grains milled in house. Retail and local delivery only.
Ground Up Grain, Hadley, Massachusetts
Family-owned stone ground mill dedicated to building and supporting a local grain-based economy as part of a sustainable and resilient food system.
One Mighty Mill, Lynn, Massachusetts
Locally grown and stone milled flour offering an alternative to industrial food ways in the greater northeast area. Sifted bread and whole grain flours available for mail order or pick-up.
Upinngil, Gill, Massachusetts
Growers of wheat, rye, and buckwheat in rotation with forage and row crops. Available as whole grains or freshly milled flour in their farm store.
Findlay's Organics, Caro, Michigan
Certified organic whole grains (soft red and white wheat, corn) and legumes.
West Wind Milling Company, Swartz Creek, Michigan
Millers of Certified Organic, Michigan Grown Grains.
New Mission Milling, Zeeland, Michigan
West Michigan malt house and mill creating locally-sourced stone ground flour.
A-Frame Farm, Dawson, Minnesota
Direct market grains grown regeneratively and cooperatively since 1972.
Baker's Field Flour, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Stone-milled whole and high-extraction flours from organic (or transitioning) grain sourced locally in the Upper Midwest.
Sunrise Flour Mill, North Branch, Minnesota
Organic, heritage wheat flours.
Granite Mill Farms, Trout Creek, Montana
Certified organic, sprouted grains and stoneground flours sourced from the Rocky Mountains and Pacific Northwest.
Montana Flour and Grain, Fort Benton, Montana
Organic and conventional flours, whole grains, and pulses. Sole U.S. agent of Kamut brand wheat, an organic spring wheat with ancient origins.
Wheat Montana, Three Forks, Montana
Sustainably grown wheat flours including 'Rouge de Bordeaux,' milled with a steel-cut process using minimal heat and no tempering.
Tuckaway Farm, Lee, NH
Certified organic farm tucked away on the Oyster River growing and milling corn and grains. Also sources from nearby farms.
Morganics Family Farm, Hillsborough, New Jersey
A family farm dedicated to the revitalization of the local grain shed, providing organically grown, sun-dried oats and dry beans.
River Valley Community Grains, Long Valley, New Jersey
A collaborative approach to grain production with the aim of encouraging farmers to use regenerative agricultural methods and to help meet the growing demand for nutrient dense grains, local flour, “real bread,” and healthy cereals in the region.
Farmer Ground Flour via Cayuga Pure Organics, Brooktondale, New York
A farmer and miller cooperative business that stone mills organic grain harvested in the Finger Lakes region of New York.
Gianforte Farm, Cazanovia, New York
Organic wheat and oats sold as whole grains, flakes, or flour.
Greenmarket Regional Grains Project, Brooklyn, New York
A Northeast regional collective of growers and millers providing heirloom and conventional whole grains, legumes, and freshly stone ground flours. Wholesale pricing available.
Triple Green Jade Farm
Organically grown, stone ground flour from locally grown grain. Wood-fired sourdough breads and other baked goods also available.
Wild Hive Community Grains Project, Clinton Corners, New York
Stone-ground heritage grains in small batches dedicated to creating high-quality grain products from the region where they are grown.
Carolina Ground, Asheville, North Carolina
Female-owned and run mill shipping products grown regionally with fine attention to quality and freshness. Linking the farmer, miller, and baker together with cold stone-milled flour of regional distinction province, and quality.
Farm and Sparrow, Mars Hill, North Carolina
Bringing together ancient landrace, organic seed with craft milling.
Lindley Mills, Graham, North Carolina
A family-owned milling operation that roller mills organic wheat with low-heat processes to maintain multi nutritional integrity as much as possible. Stone-ground grits, sprouted wheat, and North Carolina bread flour are their specialty products. Kosher approved.
Old Mill of Guilford, Oak Ridge, North Carolina
A fully operational, formerly water-powered, 18th century grist mill producing all-natural corn meal, grits, polenta, and flour along with a wide selection of mixes.
Local Millers, Columbus, Ohio
Stoneground flour made with regenerative wheat and corn.
Shagbark Seed and Mill, Athens, Ohio
Single-Source, Ohio-grown, Certified Organic Heirloom Grain, and Dry Beans since 2010.
Stutzman Farms, Millersburg, Ohio
Family-owned farm providing organically grown granolas, flours, and sprouted grains.
Chisholm Trail Milling
Dry-farmed and identity preserved Oklahoma grown grain freshly stone milled.
4 Generations Organic Farms
Six different varieties of wheat berries estate grown dating back to the Oklahoma Land Run. On September 16, 1893, the largest land run in history begins with more than 100,000 people pouring into the Cherokee Strip of Oklahoma to claim valuable land that had once belonged to Native Americans. This farm is still stewarded by the same family four generations later.
Camas Country Mill, Junction City, Oregon
Committed to building a strong, sustainable, and vibrant regional grain economy, the mill is the natural extension of the Hunton family's third-generation farm.
Lonesome Whistle Farms, Junction City, Oregon
A farm that specializes in growing, milling, and processing organic heirloom corn and grains.
Castle Valley Mill, Doylestown, Pennsylvania
Stone ground flours, meals, cleaned whole berry grains, and grain mixes. Processed slowly and at cool temperatures on antique buhr mills, the flavor, nutrients, and wholesome goodness of the grain is preserved, and produces exceptional quality foods. When able, local Bucks County grains are used.
Anson Mills, Columbia, South Carolina
An incredible resource of heirloom grains, flours, seeds, and legumes shipped with astute attention to quality and freshness. Founder and visionary Glenn Roberts works with growers to bring back ingredients of the pre-Civil War larder, making near-extinct varieties of heirloom corn, rice, and wheat available to chefs and home cooks alike.
Geechie Boy Mill, Edisto Island, South Carolina
Heirloom corn is used in the antique gristmills which preserve the natural oils and flavors of the corn resulting in the most flavorful grits, capturing a piece of Southern history for generations to come.
Barton Springs Mill, Austin, Texas
Organic stone-milled heirloom and landrace grain, many of which were grown in Texas in the early 1900s. Milled on demand for wholesale and retail customers.
Cappadona Ranch, Linn, Texas
Producers of mesquite products including mesquite flour, tea, jelly, and coffee.
Fresh, stone milled and sifted Northeast Kingdom grown wheat flour available for pick-up.
Nitty Gritty Grain Co., Shelburne and Charlotte, Vermont
A small family-owned, certified-organic farm that mills and mixes cornmeal, cornmeal mixes, and flours.
Wade's Mill, Raphine, Virginia
Family-owned and operated, oldest, continuously operating commercial grist mill in Virginia that has been stone-grinding grains in the traditional way since 1750.
Blue Bird Grain Farms, Winthrop, Washington
Certified organic ancient grains, fresh-milled flour, and whole-grain handcrafted blends.
Cairnspring Mills, Burlington, Washington
Reinventing the local flour mill and reestablishing a vibrant, local food economy. By milling identity-preserved wheat, grown in the Pacific Northwest, fresh stoneground flour is produced with superior flavor, nutrition, and baking properties for artisan bakers, chefs, and food professionals.
Ethos Stone Mill, Richland, Washington
Stone milled, locally grown pastry and bread flours.
Fairhaven Mill, Burlington, Washington
A family and farmer-owned certified organic flour mill located in the Skagit Valley since 1974.
Finnriver Farm and Cidery, Chimacum Valley, Washington
5th generation grain farming family growing and milling modern and heritage varieties of organic grains and flours on the Olympic Peninsula.
Palouse Heritage, Endicott, Washington
Landrace grains originally grown by fur traders and early settlers of the Pacific Northwest and Colonial American Farmers. Grown with sustainable practices for the sake of environmental preservation and restoration.
Anarchy Acres, Mount Pleasant, Wisconsin
Heritage wheat grown and stone milled on their farm using organic practices.
Great River Milling, Arcadia, Wisconsin
Organic, milled-to-order stone-ground flours grown and harvested with dedication to building and maintaining soil integrity. Kosher approved.
Meadowlark Organics, Ridgeway, Wisconsin
Growing and milling small grains and specialty food crops on a diversified, certified organic farm in the Driftless Region of Wisconsin.
Against the Grain Farms, Ontario, Canada
Organic whole, ancient, and locally adapted grains and flours sold wholesale, retail, or as grain share options.
Almanac Grain, Ottawa, Canada
Stoneground Canadian flour mill and bakery supporting restorative agricultural practices that promote environmental resiliency and conserve the land for future generations.
Daybreak Mill, Saskatchewan, Canada
Farming organically since 1892. Einkorn, durum, spelt, rye, kamut, and many more coveted grains and dry goods.
Eat Grain, Vancouver, British Colombia
Farm-direct Canadian dry goods including whole wheat berries, farro, quinoa, lentils, and chick peas to make the hummus of your dreams.
Oak Manor, Tavistock, Ontario
Organic grains and stone milled flours, many sourced locally.
Sonset Farm, Ontario, Canada
Whole, flaked, and stone milled organic spelt flour and sometimes other grains and pulses.
1847 Stone Milling, Fergus, Ontario
Locally grown, organic, stone ground, whole grain and sifted bread and pastry flours.
Ost Gourmet Orgánicos
Siembra lo Bueno
Doves Farm, Berkshire, UK
Family-owned business growing and milling stone ground, organic flours including spelt, einkorn, emmer, and rye as well as naturally gluten-free options.
A wide range of both stone ground and roller-milled flours of modern and heritage varieties of wheat with free delivery on £30 or more.
Ethically Sourced and Sustainably Harvested Spices and Herbs
Burlap & Barrel
A Public Benefit Corporation that partners directly with smallholder farmers to source spices that have never been available in the US before and help improve the livelihoods of our partner farmers.
A queer, WOC-owned business putting money and power into the hands of small, organic spice farmers in India.
Traditional and up-cycled modern interpretations of Diné Navajo crafts and also ingredients, including Shima Earth juniper ash used to increase the digestibility and nutrient density of maize (corn).
Stavoren Trading Co.
High-quality whole vanilla beans, paste, and extract from Madagascar, Tahiti, and Mexico.
Sustainable Vanilla Initiative
A voluntary industry organization dedicated to sustainable natural quality vanilla production and supporting good producer livelihoods at origin.
Colorado Grain Chain
The Colorado Grain Chain is a 501(c)5 membership organization comprised of locally-owned and-operated businesses and consumers that produce and support grain and grain products from heritage, ancient and locally-adapted grain. Founding members are farmers, millers, bakers, brewers, distillers and chefs. The Grain Chain is devoted to promoting member businesses and raising awareness and demand for their products throughout Colorado.
Common Grain Alliance
The Common Grain Alliance connects and supports farmers, millers, and bakers to build a vibrant, integrated, and sustainable grain economy in the Mid-Atlantic region.
Golden State Grains
A California regional grain network dedicated to building an improved marketplace for producers and consumers.
Maine Grain Alliance
The Maine Grain Alliance inspires and empowers people who are building local grain economies by creating connections and sharing grain traditions and innovations from earth to table.
Agricultural workers who produce some crops, livestock, and dairy products are at risk of exposure to asbestos through vermiculite and other products while working on farming equipment and machinery. This organization provides free informational books, packets, and a Patient Advocacy program that works 1-on-1 with individuals to help them find local doctors, treatment centers, and support groups.
Whole Grain Connection
A non-profit organization aiming to enhance the desirability and availability of 100% whole grain breads and other 100% whole grain products from organically, sustainably grown grains, and thereby connecting farmers and bakers.
Heirloom and Landrace Information
Great Lakes Staple Seeds
Michigan-grown staple crop seeds that strengthen varietal resilience to meet the challenges of shifting environmental conditions through the cultivation of robust varieties in healthy soil and the selecting of high quality seed from thriving plants.
The Evolution of Wheat
A cereal genomic study that although a bit dry, sums up the history of einkorn, emmer, durum, and spelt.
Polish and Poulard Wheats
Published in 1923, this U.S. Department of Agriculture Farmer's Bulletin describes both types of wheat, giving historical context to their origin, productivity, and value.
Mesquite in Mexico: The Renaissance of an Ancestral Staple Crop in a Time of Climate Change
How Corn Kernel Structure Affects Masa
Marquis Wheat: A taste of history and the path to modern breeding